Mechanical and Materials EngineeringWestern Engineering


 journal cover

Book Chapter 

  1. Yang KH and Mao H. Modeling of the Brain for Injury Simulation and Prevention. In Miller K, editor, Biomechanics of the Brain, 2nd Edition. Springer. 2018. Invited chapter.
  2. Mao H. Modeling the head for impact scenarios. In: Yang KH, editor. Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics, 1st Edition. Elsevier. 2017. Chapter 12. 469-502. Paperback ISBN: 9780128098318.
  3. Yang KH, Mao H, Wagner C, Zhu F, Chou CC, King AI. Modeling of the brain for injury prevention. In: Bilston LE, editor, Neural Tissue Biomechanics, 1st Edition. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 2011.



  1. Mao H, Lu L*, Bian K*, Clausen F, Colgan N, and Gilchrist M. Biomechanical analysis of fluid percussion model of brain injury. Journal of Biomechanics. BM-D-17-00952. Accepted.
  2. Zhang G, Deng X*, Guan F, Bai Z, Cao L, and Mao H. 2018. The effect of storage time in saline solution on the material properties of cortical bone tissue. Clinical Biomechanics. 57:56-66.
  3. Sundaramurthy A, Skotak M, Alay E*, Unnikrishnan G, Mao H, Duan X, Williams ST, Harding TH, ChandraN, and Reifman J. The effects of saline preservation time on the material properties of cortical bone. Assessment of the effectiveness of combat eyewear protection against blast overpressure. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 140(7). doi: 10.1115/1.4039823.
  4. Bell ED*, Converse M*, Mao H, Unnikrishnan U, Reifman J, and Monson KL. Material properties of rat middle cerebral arteries at high strain rates. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. BIO-17-1446. Accepted.
  5. Zhang G, Xu S*, Yang J*, Guan F, Cao L, and Mao H. Combining specimen-specific finite-element models and optimization in cortical-bone material characterization improves prediction accuracy in three point bending tests. Journal of Biomechanics. BM-D-17-01115. Accepted.
  6. Zhou Z*, Jiang B, Cao L, Zhu F, Mao H, and Yang KH. 2016. Numerical simulations of the 10-year-old head response in drop impacts and compression tests. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 131:13-25.
  7. Zhang G, Yang J*, Guan F, Chen D, Li N, Cao L, and Mao H. 2016. Quantifying the effects of formalin fixation on the mechanical properties of cortical bone using beam theory and optimization methodology with specimen-specific finite element models. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 138 (9):094502.
  8. Shen M*, Zhu F, Mao H, Fan H*, Mone N*, Sanghavi V, Jin X, Kalra A, Chou CC, Yang KH. 2015. Finite element modeling of 10-year-old child pelvis & lower extremities with growth plates for pedestrian protection. International Journal of Vehicle Safety. 8(3):263-286.
  9. Mao H, Unnikrishnan G, Rakesh V, and Reifman J. 2015 Untangling the effect of head acceleration on brain responses to blast waves. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 137 (12):124502.
  10. Dong L*, Mao H, Li G, Yang KH. 2015. Investigation of pediatric neck response and muscle activation in low-speed frontal impacts. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 18(115):1680–1692.
  11. Jiang B*, Mao H, Cao L, Yang KH. 2014. Application of an anatomically detailed finite element thorax model to investigate pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques on hard bed. Comput Biol Med. PMID: 24995425.
  12. Mao H, Holcombe S, Shen M*, Jin X, Wagner CD, Wang SC, Yang KH, King AI. 2014. Development of a 10-year-old full body geometric dataset for computational modeling. Ann Biomed Eng. 42(10):2143-2455.
  13. Jiang B*, Cao L, Mao H, Wager CD, Marek SJ*, Yang KH. 2014. Development of a 10-year-old pediatric thorax finite element model validated against cardiopulmonary resuscitation data. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed. 17(11):1185-1197.
  14. Chen Y*, Mao H, Yang KH, Abel T, Meaney DF. 2014. A modified controlled cortical impact technique to model mild traumatic brain injury mechanics in mice. Front Neurol. PMID: 24994996.
  15. Jin X, Mao H, Yang KH, King AI. 2013. Constitutive modeling of pia–arachnoid complex. Ann Biomed Eng. 42(4):812–821.
  16. Mao H, Zhang L, Jiang B*, Genthikatti V*, Jin X, Zhu F, Makwana R*, Gill A*, Jandir G*, Singh A*, Yang KH. 2013. Development of a finite element human head model partially validated with thirty-five experimental cases. J Biomech Eng. 135(11):111002–111015.
  17. Jin X, Zhu F, Mao H, Shen M*, Yang KH. 2013. A comprehensive experimental study on material properties of human brain tissue. J Biomech. 46(16):2795–2801.
  18. Mao H, Elkin BS, Genthikatti V*, Morrison B III, Yang KH. 2013. Why is CA3 more vulnerable than CA1 in experimental models of controlled cortical impact-induced brain Injury? J Neurotrauma. 30(17):1521–1530.
  19. Alaeddini A, Yang K, Mao H, Murat A, Ankenman B. 2013. An adaptive sequential experimentation methodology for expensive response surface optimization – case study in traumatic brain injury (TBI) modeling. Quality and Reliability Engineering International. DOI:10.1002/qre.1523.
  20. Mao H, Gao H*, Cao L, Genthikatti V*, Yang KH. 2013. Development of high-quality hexahedral human brain meshes using feature-based multi-block approach. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Eng. 16(3):271–279.
  21. Dong L*, Li G, Mao H, Marek S, Yang KH. 2013. Development and validation of a ten-year-old child neck finite element model. Ann Biomed Eng. 41(12):2538–2552.
  22. Zhu F, Skelton P*, Chou C, Mao H, Yang KH, King AI. 2012. Biomechanical responses of a pig head under blast loading: a computational simulation. Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng. 29(3):392–407.
  23. Mao H, Wagner C, Guan F*, Yeni Y, Yang KH. 2011. Material properties of adult rat skull. Journal of Mechanics and Medicine in Mechanobiology. 11(05):1199-1212.
  24. Mao H, Guan F*, Han X, Yang KH. 2011. Strain-based regional traumatic brain injury intensity in controlled cortical impact: a systematic numerical analysis. J Neurotrauma. 28(11):2263–2276.
  25. Pleasant JM, Carlson SW, Mao H, Scheff S, Yang KH, Saatman KE. 2011. Rate of neurodegeneration in the mouse controlled cortical impact model is influenced by impactor tip shape: implications for mechanistic and therapeutic studies. J Neurotrauma. 28(11): 2245–2262. (The numerical mouse brain model I developed was chosen as cover art.)
  26. Guan F*, Han X, Mao H, Wagner C, Yeni YN, Yang KH. 2011. Application of optimization methodology and specimen-specific finite element models for investigating material properties of rat skull. Ann Biomed Eng. 39(1):85–95.
  27. Mao H, Yang KH. 2010. Investigation of brain contusion mechanism and threshold by combining finite element analysis with in vivo histology data. Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng. 37:357–366.
  28. Zhu F, Mao H, Leonardi CA, Wagner C, Chou C, Jin X, Bir C, Vandevord P, Yang KH, King AI. 2010. Development of an FE model of the rat head subjected to air shock loading. Stapp Car Crash J. 54:211–225.
  29. Mao H, Jin X, Zhang L, Yang KH, Igarashi T, Noble L, King AI. 2010. Finite element analysis of controlled cortical impact induced cell loss. J Neurotrauma. 27(5):877–888.
  30. Zhu F, Jin X, Guan F, Zhang L, Mao H, Yang KH, King AI. 2010. Identifying the properties of ultra-soft materials using a new methodology of combined specimen–specific finite element model and optimization techniques. Mater Des. 31(10):4704–4712.
  31. Mao H, Yang KH, King AI, Yang KH. 2010. Computational neurotrauma – design, simulation, and analysis of controlled cortical impact model. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 9(6):763–772.
  32. Mao H, Zhang L, Yang KH, King AI. 2006. Application of a finite element model of the brain to study traumatic brain injury mechanisms in the rat. Stapp Car Crash J. 50:583–600.