Industrial Bioproduct LabWestern Engineering


Papers in Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. Rahman Md. S, Xu C, Qin W*. 2018. Exotic glycerol dehydrogenase expressing Escherichia coli increases yield of 2,3-butanediol. Bioresources and Bioprocessing (In press).
  2. Guo C, Rao KTV, Yuan Z, He Q, Rohani S, Xu C*, 2017. Hydrodeoxygenation of fast pyrolysis oil with novel activated carbon-supported NiP and CoP catalysts. Chemical Engineering Science (In press).
  3. Siddiqui H, Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Crapulli F, Dessbesell L, Rizkalla A, Ray A*, Xu C*, 2017. Sustainable bio-based phenol-formaldehyde resoles using hydrolytically depolymerized kraft lignin. Molecules 22: 1850.
  4. Toor S, Jasiunas L, Xu C, Sintamarean IM, Yu D, Nielsen AH, Rosendahl LA*, 2017. Reduction of inorganics from macroalgae Laminaria digitata and spent mushroom compost (SMC) by acid leaching and selective hydrothermal liquefaction. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery: DOI: 10.1007/s13399-017-0290-6.
  5. Zhang H, Li H, Pan H, Wang A, Xu C, Yang S*, 2017. Magnetically recyclable basic polymeric ionic liquids for efficient transesterification of Firmiana platanifolia L.f. oil into biodiesel. Energy Conversion and Management 153: 462-472.
  6. Venkateswara Rao KT, Souzanchi S, Yuan Z, Ray MB, Xu C*, 2017. Simple and green route for preparation of tin phosphate catalysts by solid-state grinding for dehydration of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), RSC Advances 7: 48501-48511.
  7. Essbesell L, Yuan Z, Hamilton the deterministic DPBP (Table 5Pion, her than 50%.For instance, of theS, Leitch M, Pulkki R*, Xu C*, 2017.  Bio-based polymers production in a kraft lignin biorefinery: techno-economic assessment. Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining: 1002/bbb.1834
  8. Rahman S, Xu C, Qin W.* 2017. Biotransformation of biodiesel-derived crude glycerol using newly isolated bacteria from environmental consortia. Process Biochemistry 63: 177-184.
  9. Li X, Ai X, Xu C*. 2017. Recovery and separation of valuable metals from waste printed circuit board- Recent advances and outlook. Journal of Anhui University of Technology (Natural Science) (In press)
  10. Li H, Feng S, Yuan Z, Wei Q, Xu C*. 2017. Highly efficient liquefaction of wheat straw for the production of bio-polyols and bio-based polyurethane foams. Industrial Crops & Products 109: 426-433.
  11. Sharma, HK, Xu C, Qin W*. 2017. Biological Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Biofuels and Bioproducts: An Overview. Waste and Biomass Valorization: DOI 10.1007/s12649-017-0059-y.
  12. Huang S, Mahmood N, Zhang Y, Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Xu C*. 2017. Reductive De-polymerization of Kraft Lignin with Formic Acid at Low Temperatures using Inexpensive Supported Ni-based Catalysts. FUEL 209: 579-586.
  13. Zheng Y, Zhang Y*, Xu C, Xu J, Li X. 2017. Co-pyrolysis behavior of fermentation residues with woody sawdust by Thermogravimetric analysis and a vacuum reactor, Bioresource Technology 245: 449-455.
  14. Ghiasi E, Montes A, Ferdosian F, Tran H, Xu C. 2017. Bed Material Agglomeration Behavior in a Bubbling Fluidized Bed (BFB) at High Temperatures using KCl and K2SO4 as Simulated Molten Ash. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering. Published Online: 2017-08-22 | DOI:
  15. Rahman S, Xu C, Ma K, Guo H, Qin W. 2017. Utilization of by-product glycerol from bio-diesel plants as feedstock for 2,3-butanediol accumulation and biosynthesis genes response of Klebsiella variicola SW3. Renewable Energy 114: 1272-1280.
  16. Ahmadi S, Reyhanitash E, Yuan Z, Rohani S, Xu C*. 2017. Upgrading of fast pyrolysis oil via catalytic hydrodeoxygenation: Effects of type of solvents, Renewable Energy 112: 376-382.
  17. Nanda M, Yuan Z, Shui H, Xu C*. Selective hydrogenolysis of glycerol and crude glycerol (a byproduct or waste stream from biodiesel industry) to 1,2-propanediol over B2O3 promoted Cu/Al2O3 catalysts. Catalysts 7: 196; doi:10.3390/catal7070196
  18. Shui T, Feng S, Chen G, Li A, Yuan Z, Shui H, Kuboki T*, Xu, C*. 2017. Synthesis of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) using bleached crude cellulose fractionated from cornstalk. Biomass and Bioenergy 105: 51-58.
  19. Wei R, Feng S, Long H, Li J, Yuan Z, Cang D, Xu C*. 2017. Coupled biomass gasification and iron ore reduction: a novel approach for biomass conversion and application. Energy 140: 406-414.
  20. Nazari L, Yuan Z, Ray MB*, Xu C*, 2017. Co-Conversion of Waste Activated Sludge and Sawdust through Hydrothermal Liquefaction: Optimization of Reaction Parameters Using Response Surface Methodology. Applied Energy 203: 1-10.
  21. Hu Y, Feng S, Xu C*, Bassi A*, 2017. Production of low-nitrogen bio-crude oils from microalgae pre-treated with pre-cooled NaOH/urea solution. Fuel 206: 300-306.
  22. Hu Y, Feng S, Yuan Z, Xu C*, Bassi A, 2017. Investigation of aqueous phase recycling for improving bio-crude oil productivity in hydrothermal liquefaction of algae. Bioresource Technology 239: 151-159.
  23. Li H, Mahmmod N, Ma Z, Zhu M, Wang J, Zheng J, Yuan Z, Wei Q*, Xu C*, 2017. Preparation and characterization of bio-polyol and bio-based flexible polyurethane foams from fast pyrolysis of wheat straw. Industrial Crops and Products 103: 64-72.
  24. Shui H*, Xu H, Zhou Y, Pan C, Wang Z, Lei Z, Ren S, Kang S, Xu C, Shui T, Study on hydro-liquefaction kinetics of thermal dissolution soluble fraction from Shenfu sub-bituminous coal. Fuel 200: 576–582.
  25. Rahman S, Xu C, Ma K, Nanda M, Qin W*, 2017. High Production of 2,3-butanediol by a Mutant Strain of the Newly Isolated Klebsiella pneumoniae SRP2 with Increased Tolerance Towards Glycerol. International Journal of Biological Sciences 13: 308-318.
  26. Yang L, Havard P, Corscadden K, Wang X, Xu, C, He Q*. 2017. Co-liquefaction of spent coffee grounds and lignocellulosic feedstocks. Bioresource Technology 237: 108-121.
  27. Hu Y, Gong M, Xu C*, Bassi A*, 2017. Investigation of an alternative cell disruption approach for improving hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae. Fuel 197: 138–144.
  28. Li B, WangY, Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2017. Preparation of Bio-based Phenol Formaldehyde Foams using Depolymerized Hydrolysis Lignin. Industrial Crops and Products 97: 409–416.
  29. Nazari L, Yuan Z, Santoro D, Sarathy S, Ho D, Batstone D, Xu C*, Ray M*, 2017. Low-Temperature Thermal Pre-Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Sludge: Process Optimization and Effects on Solubilization and Anaerobic Degradation. Water Research 113: 111-123.
  30. Zhang Y, Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2017. Sustainable Glucose-based Phenolic Resin and Its Curing with A DGEBA Epoxy Resin. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 71: 381–387.
  31. Dessbesell L, Xu C*, Pulkki R*, Leitch M, Mahmood N, 2017. Forest biomass supply chain optimization for a biorefinery aiming to produce high-value bio-based materials and chemicals from lignin and forestry residues: A review of literature. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47: 277–288.
  32. Wei R, Zhang L, Cang D, Li J, Li X, Xu C*. 2017. Current status and potential of biomass utilization in ferrous metallurgical industry. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Review 68: 511–524.
  33. Shui H*, Ma X, Yang L, Shui T, Pan C, Wang Z, Lei Z, Ren S, Kang S, Xu C. 2017. Thermolysis of biomass-related model compounds and its promotion on the thermal dissolution of coal. Journal of the Energy Institute 90: 418-423.
  34. Shui T, Feng S, Yuan Z, Kuboki T, Xu C*, 2016. Highly efficient organosolv fractionation of cornstalk into cellulose and lignin in organic acids. Bioresource Technology 218: 953–961.
  35. Ferdosian F, Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*, 2016. Curing Kinetics and Mechanical Properties of Bio-based Epoxy Composites Comprising Lignin-Based Epoxy Resins. European Polymer Journal 82: 153-165.
  36. Niasar HS, Li H, Kasanneni TVR, Ray MB*, Xu C*, 2016. Surface amination of activated carbon and petroleum coke for the removal of naphthenic acids and treatment of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). Chemical Engineering Journal 293: 189 – 199.
  37. Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*, 2016. Synthesis and Characterization of Hydrolysis Lignin-Based Epoxy Resins. Industrial Crops and Products 91: 295-301.
  38. Yang L, Mahmood N, Corscadden K, Xu C*, He Q*. 2016. Production of crude bio-oil via direct liquefaction of spent K-Cups. Biomass and Bioenergy 95: 354-363.
  39. Li B, Feng S, Niasar H, Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*. 2016. Preparation and Characterization of Bark-derived Phenol Formaldehyde Foams. RSC Advances 6: 40975 – 40981.
  40. Guo C, Rao KTV, Reyhanitash E, Yuan Z, Rohani S, Xu C*, He SQ, 2016. Novel Inexpensive Transition Metal Phosphide Catalysts for Upgrading of Pyrolysis Oil via Hydrodeoxygenation. AIChE Journal 62: 3664–3672.
  41. Tian X, Rehmann L, Xu C, Fang Z*. 2016. Pretreatment of eastern white pine (Pinus strobes L.) for enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol production by organic electrolyte solutions. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 4 (5): 2822–2829.
  42. Behnia I, Yuan Z, Charpentier P, Xu C*. 2016. Supercritical water gasification of aqueous fraction of pyrolysis oil in the presence of a Ni-Ru catalyst. AIChE Journal 62: 2786–2793.
  43. Reyhanitash E, Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Albion K, van Rossum G, Xu C*.2016. Hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil: effects of esterification pre-treatment of the oil using alcohol at a small loading. Fuel 179: 45–51.
  44. Yuan Z, Tymchyshyn M, Xu C*. 2016. Reductive depolymerization of Kraft and organosolv lignin in su-percritical acetone for chemicals and materials. ChemCatChem 8: 1968 – 1976.
  45. Nanda M; Yuan Z; Qin W; Xu C*. 2016. Recent advancements in catalytic conversion of glycerol into propylene glycol: A review. Catalysis Reviews 58: 309-336.
  46. Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*. 2016. Thermal Performance and Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Lignin-Based Epoxy Resins. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 119: 124–132.
  47. Yang L, Nazari L, Yuan Z, Corscadden K, Xu C*, He Q*. 2016. Hydrothermal liquefaction of spent coffee grounds in water medium for bio-oil production. Biomass and Bioenergy 86: 191-198.
  48. Tushar MSHK, Dutta A*, Xu C. 2016. Catalytic Supercritical Gasification of Biocrude from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Cattle Manure. Applied Catalysis B 189: 119-132.
  49. Feng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Shui H, Xu C*, 2016. Effects of bark extraction before liquefaction and liquid Oil fractionation after liquefaction on bark-based phenol formaldehyde resoles. Industrial Crops and Products 84: 330-336.
  50. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2016. Depolymerization of Lignins and their Applications for the Preparation of Polyols and Rigid Polyurethane Foams: A review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 60: 317-329.
  51. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Tymchyshyn M, Xu C*. 2016. Hydrolytic Liquefaction of Hydrolysis Lignin for the Preparation of Bio-based Rigid Polyurethane Foam. Green Chemistry 18, 2385–2398.
  52. Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Mahmood N, Huang S, Xu C*. 2016. Sustainable Bio-phenol-hydroxymethylfurfural Resins using Phenolated De-polymerized Hydrolysis Lignin and their Application in Bio-composites. Industrial Crops and Products 79: 84-90.
  53. Montes A, Ghiasi E, Tran H, Xu C*. Study of bed materials agglomeration in a heated bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) using silica sand as the bed material and KOH to simulate molten ash, fluidized bed, Powder Technology 291: 178–185.
  54. Nanda M, Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Qin W, Ghaziaskar HS, Xu C*. 2016. Catalytic conversion of glycerol for sustainable production of solketal as a fuel additive: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 56: 1022-1031.
  55. Zhang Y, Nanda M, Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Xu C*. 2016. Mechanical, Thermal, and Curing Characteristics of Renewable Phenol-hydroxymethylfurfural Resin for Application in Bio-composites. Journal of Materials Science 51: 732-738.
  56. Ahmadi S, Yuan Z, Rohani S, Xu C*. Effects of nano-structured CoMo catalysts on hydrodeoxygenation of fast pyrolysis oil in supercritical ethanol. Catalysis Today 269: 182-194.
  57. Behnia I, Yuan Z, Charpentier P, Xu C*. 2016. Production of methane and hydrogen via supercritical water gasification of renewable glucose at a relatively low temperature: Effects of metal catalysts and supports. Fuel Processing Technology 143: 27-34.
  58. Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*. 2015. Sustainable Lignin-based Epoxy Resins Cured with Aromatic and Aliphatic Amine Curing Agents: Curing Kinetics and Thermal Properties. Thermochimica Acta 618: 48-55.
  59. Montes A, Hamidi M, Briens C, Berruti F, Tran H, Xu C*. Study on the critical amount of liquid for bed materials agglomeration in a bubbling fluidized bed, Powder Technology 284: 437–442.
  60. Martinez-Iglesias A, Seyedy Niasar H, Xu C*, Ray MB*. 2015. Adsorption of Model Naphthenic Acids in Water with Granular Activated Carbon. Adsorption Sci and Tech 33: 881-894.
  61. Nazari L, Yuan Z, Souzanchi S, Ray M.B., Xu C*. 2015. Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Woody Biomass in Hot-compressed Water: Catalyst Screening and Comprehensive Characterization of Bio-crude Oils. Fuel 162: 74-83.
  62. Feng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C*. 2015. Thermal Degradation Performance of Bark Based Phenol Formaldehyde Adhesives. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 115: 184-193.
  63. Feng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C*. 2015. Adhesives formulated from bark bio-crude and phenol formaldehyde resole. Industrial Crops and Products 76: 258-268.
  64. Tushar MSHK, Dutta A*, Xu C, 2015. Simulation and kinetic modeling of supercritical water gasification of biomass. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 40 (13): 4481-4493.
  65. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2015. Preparation of Bio-based Rigid Polyurethane Foam using Hydrolytically Depolymerized Kraft Lignin via Direct Replacement or Oxypropylation. European Polymer Journal. 68: 1-9.
  66. Rahman MS, Yuan Z, Ma K, Xu C, Qin W*. 2015. Aerobic bioconversion of glycerol to propanediol and 2,3-butanediol by a novel Klebsiella variicola SRP3 strain. J Microb Biochem Technol 7: 299-304.
  67. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*. 2015. Hydrolytic depolymerization of hydrolysis lignin: Effects of catalysts and solvents. Bioresource Technology 190: 416-419.
  68. Zhang Y, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2015. Engineering Biomass into Formaldehyde-free Phenolic Resin for Composite Materials. AIChE Journal. 61(4): 1275-1283.
  69. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2014. Production of polyols via direct hydrolysis of kraft lignin: Optimization of process parameters. J-FOR 4: 44-51.
  70. Huang S, Mahmood N, Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2014. Reductive De-polymerization of Kraft Lignin for Chemicals and Fuels using Formic Acid as an In-situ Hydrogen Source. Bioresource Technology 171: 95–102.
  71. Yuan Z, Zhang Y, Xu C*, 2014. Synthesis and thermomechanical property study of Novolac phenol-hydroxymethyl furfural (PHMF) resin. RSC Advances. 4: 31829–31835.
  72. Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*, 2014. Synthesis of lignin-based epoxy resins: optimization of reaction parameters using response surface methodology. RSC Advances. 4: 31745–31753.
  73. Zhang L, Xu C*, Champagne P, Mabee W, 2014. Overview of current biological and thermo-chemical treatment technologies for sustainable sludge management. Waste Management & Research 32(7): 586-600.
  74. Nanda M, Yuan Z, Qin W, Poirier MA, Xu C*, 2014. Purification of Crude Glycerol using Acidification: Effects of Acid Types and Product Characterization. Austin J Chem Eng. 1(1): 1-7.
  75. Shirani M., Ghaziaskar HS*, Xu C, 2014. Optimization of glycerol ketalization to produce solketal as biodiesel additive in a continuous reactor with subcritical acetone using Purolite® PD206 as catalyst. Fuel Processing Technology 124: 206-211.
  76. Reyhanitash E, Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Albion K, van Rossum G*, Xu C*, 2014. Upgrading fast pyrolysis oil via hydrodeoxygenation and thermal treatment: effects of catalytic glycerol pretreatment. Energy & Fuels 28 (2): 1132–1138.
  77. Nanda M, Yuan Z, Qin W, Ghaziaskar H, Poirier M-A, Xu C*, 2014. Catalytic conversion of glycerol to oxygenated fuel additive in a continuous flow reactor: process optimization. Fuel 128: 113-119.
  78. Nanda M, Yuan Z, Qin W, Ghaziaskar H, Poirier M-A, Xu C*, 2014. A new continuous-flow process for catalytic conversion of glycerol to oxygenated fuel additive: catalyst screening. Applied Energy 123: 75–81.
  79. Zhang Y, Chen M, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2014. Kinetics and Mechanism of Formaldehyde-free Phenol-glucose Novolac Resin Cured with an Epoxy. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering 12(1): 1–8.
  80. Nanda M, Yuan Z, Qin W, Ghaziaskar H, Poirier M-A, Xu C*, 2014. Thermodynamic and kinetic studies of a catalytic process to convert glycerol into solketal as an oxygenated fuel additive. Fuel 117: 470–477.
  81. Feng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2014. Hydrothermal liquefaction of barks into bio-crude – Effects of species and ash content/composition. Fuel 116: 214–220.
  82. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2013. ­­Valorization of hydrolysis lignin for polyols and rigid polyurethane foam. J-FOR 3 (5): 26-31.
  83. Feng S, Cheng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2013. Valorization of bark for chemicals and materials: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 26: 560–578.
  84. Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2013. Direct Conversion of Glycerol into Bio-oil via Hydrotreatment Using Supported Metal Catalysts. Fuel 112: 193–202.
  85. Mahmood N, Yuan Z, Schmidt J, Xu C*, 2013. Production of polyols via direct hydrolysis of kraft lignin: Effect of process parameters. Bioresource Technology 139: 13–20.
  86. Ghaziaskar H, Xu C*, 2013. One-step continuous process for the production of 1-butanol and 1-hexanol by catalytic conversion of bio-ethanol at its sub-/supercritical state. RSC Advances. 3: 4271–4280.
  87. Cheng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Anderson M, Xu C*, 2013. Highly efficient de-polymerization of organosolv lignin using a catalytic hydrothermal process and production of phenolic resins/adhesives with the depolymerized lignin as a substitute for phenol at a high substitution ratio. Industrial Crops and Products 44: 315-322.
  88. Tymchyshyn M, Yuan Z, Xu C*, 2013. Reforming of Glycerol into Bio-crude: A Parametric Study. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering 11: 1–13.
  89. Gao WJ, Han MN, Qu X, Xu C, Liao BQ*, 2013. Characteristics of Wastewater and Mixed Liquor and Their Role in Membrane Fouling. Bioresource Technology 128: 207-214.
  90. Shao Y, Wang J, Preto F, Zhu J, Xu C*, 2012. Ash Deposition in Biomass Combustion or Co-firing for Power/Heat Generation. Energies 5(12): 5171-5189.
  91. Ferdosian F, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Xu C*, ­­­­­­ Chemically Modified Lignin through Epoxidation and Its Thermal Properties. Journal of Science & Technology for Forest Products and Processes 2(4): 11-15.
  92. Badour C, Gilbert A*, Xu C*, Li H, Shao Y, Tourigny G, Preto F, 2012. Combustion and Air Emissions from Co-firing a Woody Biomass, a Canadian Peat and a Canadian Lignite Coal in a Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustor. CJChE 90: 1170-1177.
  93. Xu C*, Donald J, 2012. Upgrading peat to gas and liquid fuels in supercritical water. Fuel 102:16–25.    
  94. Wang M*, Yang L, Yu C, Xu C, 2012. Liquid poly(silylacetylene)siloxane resin as a novel precursor of silicon carbide and silicon oxycarbide ceramics. Ceramics International 38: 2449–2454.
  95. Cheng S, Wilks C, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2012. Hydrothermal degradation of alkali lignin to bio-phenolic compounds in sub/supercritical ethanol and water–ethanol co-solvent. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 97: 839-848.
  96. Zhang L, Xu C*, Champagne P*, 2012. Activity and stability of a novel Ru modified Ni catalyst for hydrogen generation by supercritical water gasification of glucose. Fuel 96: 541-545.
  97. Guo F, Fang Z*, Xu C, Smith Jr.RL, 2012. Solid Acid Mediated Biomass Hydrolysis for Biofuels, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 38: 672-690.
  98. Shao Y, Xu C*, Zhu J, Preto F, Wang J, Tourigny G, Badour C, Li H, 2012. Ash and Chlorine Deposition during Co-combustion of Lignite and a Chlorine-Rich Canadian Peat in a Fluidized Bed - Effects of Blending Ratio, Moisture Content and Sulfur Addition. Fuel 95: 25-34.
  99. Hurley S, Xu C*, Preto F, Shao Y, Li H, Tourigny G, 2012. Catalytic gasification of woody biomass in an air-blown fluidized-bed reactor using Canadian limonite iron ore as the bed material. Fuel 91: 170-176.
  100. Cheng S, Yuan Z, Anderson M, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2012. Synthesis of bio-based phenolic resins/adhesives using methylolated wood-derived bio-oil. J. Applied Polymer Science 126: E431-E441
  101. Zhang L, Champagne P, Xu C*, 2011. Supercritical water gasification of aqueous by-product from biomass hydrothermal liquefaction with novel Ru modified Ni catalysts. Bioresource Technology 102: 8279-8287
  102. Shao Y, Xu C*, Zhu J, Preto F, Wang J, Li H, Badour C, 2011. Ash Deposition in Co-Firing Three-fuel Blends Consisting of Woody Biomass, Peat and Lignite in a Pilot-Scale Fluidized-bed Reactor. Energy Fuels 25: 2841–2849
  103. Yuan Z, Cheng S, Leitch M, Xu C*, Catalytic Conversion of Glucose to 5-Hydroxymethyl Furfural Using Inexpensive Co-catalysts and Solvents. Carbohydrate Research 346(13): 2019-2023.
  104. Zhang L, Champagne P*, Xu C*, 2011. Screening of Supported Transition Metal Catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Glucose via Catalytic Supercritical Water Gasification. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36: 9591-9601.
  105. Shao Y, Wang J*, Xu C*, Zhu J, Preto F, Tourigny G, Badour C, Li H, 2011. An experimental and modeling study of ash deposition behavior for co-firing peat with lignite. Applied Energy 88: 2635-2640.
  106. Donald J, Xu C*, Ohtsuka Y, 2011. Effects of activation agents on pore development in activated carbons derived from a Canadian peat. Materials Letters 65: 744-747.
  107. Cheng S, Dcruz I, Yuan Z, Wang M, Anderson M, Leitch M, Xu C*, Use of biocrude derived from woody biomass to substitute phenol at a high- substitution level for the production of biobased phenolic resol resins. J. Applied Polymer Science 121: 2743-2751.
  108. Zhang L, Champagne P*, Xu C*, 2011. Bio-crude production from secondary pulp/paper-mill sludge and waste newspaper via co-liquefaction in hot-compressed water. Energy, 36: 2142-2150.
  109. Li H, Hurley S, Xu C*, 2011. Liquefactions of peat to bio-crude in supercritical water with a novel iron catalyst. Fuel, 90: 412-420.
  110. Shao Y, Xu C*, Zhu J, Preto F, Wang J, Tourigny G, Badour C, Li H, 2010. Ash deposition during co-firing biomass and coal in a fluidized bed. Energy Fuels, 24: 4681-4688.
  111. Yuan Z, Cheng S, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2010. Hydrolytic degradation of alkaline lignin in hot-compressed water and ethanol. Bioresource Technology, 101: 9308–9313.
  112. Hurley S, Li H, Xu C*, 2010. Effects of Impregnated Metal Ions on Biomass Gasification in CO2/Air Media. Bioresource Technology, 101: 9301–9307.
  113. Xu C*, Donald J, Byambajav E, Ohtsuka Y, 2010. Recent advances in catalysts for hot gas removal of tar and NH3 from biomass gasification. Fuel, 89. 1784–1795.
  114. Wang M, Yuan Z, Cheng S, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2010. Synthesis of novel phenol-glucose resins without using formaldehyde. J. Applied Polymer Science, 118: 1191–1197.
  115. Cheng S, Dcruz I, Wang M, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2010. Highly Efficient Liquefaction of Woody Biomass in Hot-compressed Alcohol-Water Co-solvents. Energy Fuels, 24: 4659–4667.
  116. Donald J, Xu C*, Hashimoto H, Byambajav E, Ohtsuka Y*, 2010. Novel carbon-based Ni/Fe catalysts derived from peat for hot gas ammonia decomposition in an inert helium atmospher Applied Catalysis A: General, 375: 124-133.
  117. Shui H, Cai Z, Xu C*, 2010. Recent advances in direct coal liquefaction. Energies 3, 155-170;
  118. Zhang L, Xu C, Champagne P*, Overview of Recent Advances in Thermo-chemical Conversion of Biomass. Energy Conversion and Management, 51, 969-982.
  119. Tymchyshyn M, Xu C*, 2010. Liquefaction of biomass in hot-compressed water for the production of phenolic compounds. Bioresource Technology, 101, 2483-2490.
  120. Zhang L, Xu C*, Champagne P, 2010. Energy recovery from secondary pulp/paper-mill sludge and sewage sludge by supercritical water treatment. Bioresource Technology, 101, 2713–2721.
  121. Xu C*, Cang D, 2010. Review of Low CO2 Emission Technologies for Iron & Steelmaking. Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, 17(3), 01-07.
  122. Wang M, Leitch M, Xu C*, 2009. Synthesis of phenol-formaldehyde resol resins using organosolv pine lignins. European Polymer Journal, 45, 3380–3388.
  123. Xu C*, Su H, Ghosh M, 2009. Hydro-treating of Asphaltenes in Supercritical Toluene with MgO-Supported Fe, Ni, NiMo, and CoMo Catalysts. Energy Fuels, 23, 3645-3651.
  124. Xu C*, Hamilton S, Ghosh M, 2009. Hydro-conversion of Athabasca vacuum tower bottoms in supercritical toluene with highly porous biomass-derived activated carbon and metal-carbon composite. Fuel, 88, 2097–2105.
  125. Wang M, Leitch M, Xu C*, Synthesis of phenolic resol resins using cornstalk-derived bio-oil produced by direct liquefaction in a hot-compressed phenol-water medium. Journal of Industrial Engineering Chemistry, 15, 870-875.
  126. Xu C, Zhang H, Zhu J*, 2009. Improving fluidizability of cohesive particles by surface coating with flow conditioners. CJChE, 87: 403-414.
  127. Yang Y, Gilbert A, Xu C*, 2009. Hydrodeoxygenation of Bio-crude in Supercritical Hexane with Sulfided CoMo and CoMoP Catalysts Supported on MgO: A Model Compound Study using Phenol. Applied Catalysis A: General, 360, 242–249.
  128. Wang M, Xu C*, Leitch M, 2009. Liquefaction of corn stalk for the production of phenol-formaldehyde resole resin. Bioresource Technology, 100, 2305-2307.
  129. Yang Y, Gilbert A, Xu C*, 2009. Production of bio-crude from forestry waste by hydro-liquefaction in sub-/super-critical methanol. AIChE J., 55, 807-819.
  130. Xu C, Zhu J*, 2008. Prediction of minimum fluidization velocity for fine particles of various degrees of cohesiveness. Eng. Communications, 196: 4, 499 – 517.
  131. Xu C*, Su H, Cang D, 2008. Liquefaction of distillers dried grain with solubles (DDGS) in hot-compressed phenol. BioResources, 3(2), 363-382.
  132. Xu C*, Lancaster J, 2008. Conversion of secondary pulp/paper sludge to bio-oils by direct liquefaction in hot compressed or sub- and near-critical water. Water Research 42, 1571 – 1582.
  133. Xu C*, Etcheverry T, 2008. Hydro-liquefaction of woody biomass in sub- and super-critical ethanol with iron-based catalysts. Fuel, 87, 335-345.
  134. Xu C*, Lad N, 2007. Production of Heavy Oils with High Caloric Values by Direct Liquefaction of Woody Biomass in Sub/Near-critical Water. Energy Fuels, 22, 635-642.
  135. Xu C*, Hamilton S, Mallik A, Ghosh M, 2007. Upgrading of Athabasca vacuum tower bottoms (VTB) in supercritical hydrocarbon solvents with activated carbon-supported metallic catalysts. Energy Fuels 21, 3490-3498.
  136. Xu C., Zhu J*, 2006. Effects of gas type and temperature on fine particle fluidization. China Particuology, 4 (3-4), 114-121.
  137. Xu C, Zhu J*, 2006. Parametric study of fine particle fluidization under mechanical vibration. Powder Technology, 161, 135-144.
  138. Xu C, Cheng Y, Zhu J*, 2006. Fluidization of fine particles in a sound field and identification of group C/A particles by using acoustic waves. Powder Technology, 161, 227-234.
  139. Xu C., Tsubouchi N, Ohtsuka Y*, 2005. Catalytic decomposition of ammonia with metal cations present naturally in low rank coals. Fuel, 84 (8-10), 1957-1967.
  140. Xu C, Zhu J*, 2005. Experimental and numerical study on the agglomeration arising from fluidization of cohesive particles. Eng. Sci., 60 (23), 6529-6541.
  141. Xu C, Zhu J*, 2004. One-step preparation of highly dispersed metal-supported catalysts by fluidized-bed MOCVD for Carbon Nanotube Synthesis. Nanotechnology, 15, 1671-1681.
  142. Tsubouchi N, Xu C, Ohtsuka Y*, 2004. Effect of alkaline earth metals on N2 formation during fixed bed pyrolysis of a low rank coal. Fuel Processing Technology, 85(8-10), 1039-1052.
  143. Ohtsuka Y*, Xu C, Kong D, Tsubouchi N, 2004. Decomposition of ammonia with iron and calcium catalysts supported on coal chars. Fuel, 83(6), 685-692.
  144. Tsubouchi N, Xu C, Ohtsuka Y*, 2003. Carbon crystallization during high-temperature pyrolysis of coals and the enhancement by calcium. Energy Fuels, 17(5), 1119-1125.
  145. Tsubouchi N, Abe M, Xu C, Ohtsuka Y*, 2003. Nitrogen release from low rank coals during rapid pyrolysis with a drop tube reactor. Energy Fuels, 17(4), 940-945.
  146. Tsubouchi N, Ohshima Y, Xu C, Ohtsuka Y*, 2001. Enhancement of N2 formation from the nitrogen in carbon and coal by calcium. Energy Fuels, 15(1), 158-162.
  147. Xu C, Wu S, Cang D*, 2000. Possibility of reducing the formations of NOx and SO2 simultaneously during coal combustion. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (English Edition), 7(3), 165-169.
  148. Xu C, Wu S, Cang D*, 2000. Numerical modeling of NO formation during packed-bed combustion of coke granules. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (English Edition) 7(4), 261-268.
  149. Xu C, Tsobouchi N*, 2000. Effect of coal minerals on NOx/N2O formation during coal combustion (a brief review in Japanese). Coal Utilization Technology Information, 21(7), 12-13.
  150. Xu C, Tsobouchi N*, 2000. Upgrading coals by selective agglomeration in a flow consecutor (a brief review in Japanese). Coal Utilization Technology Information, 21(11), 8-10.
  151. Xu C, Wu S, Cang D*, Shou Q, Li M, Deng Y, 1999. Catalytic performance of metallic oxides on reduction of NO by CO. Huanjing Kexue (Environmental Science), 20(1), 30-32.
  152. Chen X, Chen H, Bai H, Xu C, Cang D*, Cao C, 1999. Experiment analysis of thermal stress in the cooling wall of blast furnace. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (Chinese Edition), 21(1), 64-69.
  153. Xu C, Wu S, Cang D*, Shou Q, 1998. Experimental study on purification of NOx in automobile exhaust using new type of complex metal-oxide catalyst. Huanjing Kexue (Environmental Science), 19(3), 39-41.
  154. Wu S, Xu C, Shou Q, Cang D*, 1998. Restraining NOx formation during coal combustion in packed bed. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (English Edition), 5(2), 70-74.
  155. Wu S*, Xu C, Shou Q, Cang D, 1998. NOx formation from several Chinese coals during combustion in packed bed. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (English Edition), 5(2), 65-69.
  156. Xu C, Wu S, Shou Q, Cang D*, 1997. Roles of metallic oxides in the elimination reactions of NO. Univ. of Sci. Technol. Beijing (English Edition), 4(4), 15-18.
  157. Kasai E*, Xu C, Wu S, Cang D, 1997. Catalytic performance of several metallic oxides on elimination reactions of NO. Journal of the Society of Materials Engineering for Resources of Japan, 10(1), 62-69.
  158. Wu S*, Cang D, Xu C, 1997. Control of NOx pollution in the processes of metallurgical industry. Feijinshu Xuebao (Chinese Non-ferrous Metals Journal), 7(1), 17-20.