Ivo Fabris

Reinvent the Toilet Project

In collaboration with the University of Toronto and the University of Queensland, we are developing a Toilet that requires no electricity and running water for the developing world. Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the goal is to improve sanitation and hygiene in the developing world in a effort to combat disease. At Western, we apply STAR (Self-sustaining Treatment for Active Remediation) , a technology that uses smouldering combustion - a flameless, controlled oxidation reaction - to remediate the solid waste in the toilet. We are currently developing and testing smouldering reactor prototypes for this new and innovative toilet.

Personal Background

I joined the RESTORE group in January 2013 as a Research Engineer. Previously, I was completing my Masters of Applied Science in Aerospace Engineering at the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies (UTIAS). I was part of the Propulsion and Combustion group where I studied the Thermal Stability of Jet A-1 Aviation Fuel . The work was funded by Pratt & Whitney Canada and the goal was understand and reduce the fouling that occurs in aircraft fuel lines a result of thermal stressing. I also have a Bachelor's of Applied Science in Mechanical Engineering from Queen's University.


  • Yermán, L., RM Hadden, J Carrascal, I Fabris, D Cormier, JL Torero, JI Gerhard, M Krajcovic, P Pironi, YL Cheng, 2014. Smouldering combustion as a treatment technology for faeces: exploring the parameter space. Accepted to Fuel.
  • M. Commodo, I. Fabris, O. Wong, C.P.T. Groth and O.L. Gulder. "Three-Dimensional Flourescence Spectra of Thermally Stressed Commercial Jet A-1 Aviation Fuel in the Autoxidative Regime". Energy & Fuels, 26(4):2191-2197. March 2012.
  • M. Commodo, I. Fabris, C.P.T Groth and O.L. Gulder. "Analysis of Aviation Fuel Thermal Oxidative Stability by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (ESI-MS)". Energy & Fuels, 25(5):2142-2150. April 2011.
  • M. Commodo, O. Wong, I. Fabris, C.P.T. Groth and O.L. Gulder. "Spectroscopic Study of Aviation Jet Fuel Thermal Oxidative Stability". Energy & Fuels, 24(12):6437-6441. November 2010. Conference Publication
  • [4] M. Commodo, O. Wong, I. Fabris, C.P.T. Groth and O.L. Gulder. "Aromatic Content Variations in Thermally Stressed Aviation Fuel: A Spectroscopic Analysis". In: Proceeding of the Combustion Institute Canadian Section, May 2010.


  • Queen Elizabeth II Aiming for The Top (2005-2008)
  • Science 1948 Award, Queen's University (2007-2008)
  • Dean's Award, Queen's University (2007)
  • Dean's Entrance Scholarship In Applied Science, Queen's University (2005)