Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel,

Room BLWTL 109

Western University

Tel: 519-661-2111 ext. 88142

Fax: 519-661-3339

gakopp@uwo.ca

(underlined names are students supervised by Dr. Kopp)

1. Kopp, G.A., Kawall, J.G. & Keffer, J.F., 1995, A diagnostic experimental technique for studying coherent structures in plane turbulent wakes, *Journal of Flow Measurement and Instrumentation*, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 163-171.

2. Kopp, G.A., Kawall, J.G. & Keffer, J.F., 1995, The evolution of the coherent structures in a uniformly distorted plane turbulent wake, *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, vol. 291, pp. 299-322.

3. Kopp, G.A. & Keffer, J.F., 1996, Coherent structures in two uniformly distorted plane turbulent wakes, *Physics of Fluids*, vol. 8, pp. 2706-2711.

4. Kopp, G.A. & Keffer, J.F., 1996, The near wake region of a high solidity mesh-strip, *Physics of Fluids*, vol. 8, pp. 2712-2715.

5. Kopp, G.A., Ferré, J.A. & Giralt, F., 1997, The use of pattern recognition and proper orthogonal decomposition in identifying the structure of fully-developed free turbulence, *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, vol. 119, pp. 289-296.

6. Vernet, A., Kopp, G.A., Ferré, J.A. & Giralt, F., 1997, Simultaneous velocity and temperature patterns in the far region of a turbulent cylinder wake, *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, vol. 119, pp. 463-466.

7. Vernet, A., Kopp, G.A., Ferré, J.A. & Giralt, F., 1999, Three-dimensional structure and momentum transfer in a turbulent cylinder wake, *Journal of Fluid Mechanics,* vol. 394, pp. 303-337.

8. Giralt, F., Arenas, A., Ferre-Gine, J., Rallo, R. & Kopp, G.A., 2000, The simulation and interpretation of turbulence with a cognitive neural system,* Physics of Fluids*, vol. 12, pp. 1826-1835.

9. Hangan, H., Kopp, G.A., Vernet, A. & Martinuzzi, R.J., 2001, A wavelet pattern recognition technique for identifying flow structures in cylinder generated wakes,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 89, pp. 1001-1015.

10. Bailey, S.C.C., Kopp, G.A. & Martinuzzi, R.J., 2002, Vortex shedding from a square cylinder near a wall, *Journal of Turbulence*, vol. 3, 003, pp. 1-18.

11. Kopp, G.A., Surry, D. & Chen, K., 2002, Wind loads on a solar array, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 5, pp. 393-406.

12. Carriveau, E.C., Baddour, R.E. & Kopp, G.A., 2002, The entrainment envelope of dye-core vortices at submerged hydraulic intakes, *Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering*, vol. 29, pp. 400-408.

13. Chen, Y., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2002, Interpolation of wind-induced pressure time series with an artificial neural network, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 90, pp. 589-615.

14. Kopp, G.A., Giralt, F. & Keffer, J.F., 2002, Entrainment vortices and interfacial intermittent turbulent bulges in a plane turbulent wake, *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, vol. 469, pp. 49-70.

15. Pande, M., Ho, T.C.E., Mikitiuk, M., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2002, Implications of Typhoon York on the design wind speeds in Hong Kong, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 90, pp. 1569-1583.

16. Bailey, S.C.C., Martinuzzi, R.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2002, The effects of wall proximity on vortex shedding from a square cylinder: Three-dimensional effects, *Physics of Fluids*, vol. 14, pp. 4160-4177.

17. Vernet, A. & Kopp, G.A., 2002, Classification of turbulent flow patterns with fuzzy clustering, *Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence*, vol. 15, pp. 315-326.

18. Chen, Y., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2003, Prediction of pressure coefficients on roofs of low buildings using artificial neural networks, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 91, pp. 423-441.

19. Pande, M., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2003, Discussion of “Database-assisted design, standardization, and wind direction effects” by A. Rigato, P. Chang and E. Simiu, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 129, pp. 272-274.

20. Chen, Y., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2003, The use of linear stochastic estimation for the reduction of data in the NIST aerodynamic database, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 6, pp. 107-126.

21. Chen, Y., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2003, Interpolation of pressure time series in an aerodynamic database, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 91, pp. 737-765.

22. Martinuzzi, R.J., Bailey, S.C.C. & Kopp, G.A., 2003, Influence of wall proximity on vortex shedding from a square cylinder, *Experiments in Fluids*, vol. 34, pp. 585-596.

23. Chen, Y., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2004, Spatial extrapolation of pressure time series on low buildings using proper orthogonal decomposition, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 7, pp. 373-392.

24. Ho, T.C.E., Surry, D., Morrish, D. & Kopp, G.A., 2005, The UWO contribution to the NIST aerodynamic database for wind loads on low buildings: Part 1. Basic aerodynamic data and archiving, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, *vol. 93, pp. 1-30.

25. St. Pierre, L.M., Kopp, G.A., Surry, D. & Ho, T.C.E., 2005, The UWO contribution to the NIST aerodynamic database for wind loads on low buildings: Part 2. Comparison of data with wind load provisions, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 93, pp. 31-59.

26. Farquhar, S., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2005, Wind tunnel and uniform pressure testing of a standing seam metal roof model, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 131, pp. 650-659.

27. Surry, D., Kopp, G.A. & Bartlett, F.M., 2005, Wind load testing of low buildings to failure at model and full scale, *ASCE Natural Hazards Review*, vol. 6, pp. 121-128.

28. Kopp, G.A., Surry, D. & Mans, C., 2005, Wind effects of parapets on low buildings: Part 1. Basic aerodynamics and local loads, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 93, pp. 817-841.

29. Kopp, G.A., Mans, C. & Surry, D., 2005, Wind effects of parapets on low buildings: Part 2. Structural loads, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 93, pp. 843-855.

30. Mans, C., Kopp, G.A. & Surry, D., 2005, Wind effects of parapets on low buildings: Part 3. Parapet loads, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 93, pp. 857-872.

31. Kopp, G.A., Surry, D. & Mans, C., 2005, Wind effects of parapets on low buildings: Part 4. Mitigation of corner loads with alternative geometries, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 93, pp. 873-888.

32. Kopp, G.A. & Chen, Y., 2006, Database-assisted design of low-rise buildings: aerodynamic considerations for a practical interpolation scheme,* ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering* , vol. 132, pp. 909-917.

33. Surry, D., Sinno, R.R., Nail, B., Ho, T.C.E., Farquhar, S. & Kopp, G.A., 2007, Structurally-effective static wind loads for roof panels, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 133, pp. 871-885.

34. Visscher, B. & Kopp, G.A., 2007, Trajectories of roof sheathing panels under high winds,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 95, pp. 697-713.

35. Oh, J.-H., Kopp, G.A. & Inculet, D.R., 2007, The UWO contribution to the NIST aerodynamic database for wind loads on low buildings: Part 3. Internal pressures,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 95, pp. 755-779.

36. Banik, S.S., Hong, H.P. & Kopp, G.A., 2007, Tornado hazard assessment for southern Ontario, *Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering*, vol. 34, pp. 830-842.

37. Sham bin Dol, S., Kopp, G.A. & Martinuzzi, R.J., 2008, The suppression of periodic vortex shedding from a rotating cylinder, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 96, pp. 1164-1184.

38. Banik, S.S., Hong, H.P. & Kopp, G.A., 2008, Assessment of tornado hazard for spatially distributed systems in southern Ontario, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 96, pp. 1376-1389.

39. Kopp, G.A., Oh, J.-H. & Inculet, D.R., 2008, Wind-induced internal pressures in houses, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 134, pp. 1129-1138.

40. Ginger, J.D., Holmes, J.D. & Kopp, G.A., 2008, Effect of building volume and opening size on fluctuating internal pressures, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 11, pp. 361-376.

41. Kordi, B. & Kopp, G.A., 2009, Discussion of “The debris flight equations” by C.J. Baker, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 97, pp. 151-154.

42. Gavalda, X., Ferrer-Gener, J., Kopp, G.A., Giralt, F. & Galsworthy, J., 2009, Forecasting pressure coefficients on a circular cylinder at Re=10^{6} by cognitive classifiers, *Computers and Structures*, vol. 87, pp. 838-846.

43. Kordi, B. & Kopp, G.A., 2009, Evaluation of the quasi-steady theory applied to windborne flat plates in uniform flow, *ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics*, vol. 135, pp. 657-668.

44. Carriveau, E.C., Kopp, G.A. & Baddour, R.E., 2009, Purely and non-purely stretching sustained intake vortices, *Journal of Hydraulic Research*, vol. 47, pp. 486-491.

45. Henderson, D., Ginger, J., Morrison, M. & Kopp, G.A., 2009, Simulated cyclonic winds for low cycle fatigue loading of roofing, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 12, pp. 383-400.

46. Banik, S.S., Hong, H.P. & Kopp, G.A., 2010, Assessment of capacity curve of transmission line tower under wind loading, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 13, pp. 1-20.

47. Kopp, G.A., Galsworthy, J. & Oh, J.-H., 2010, Horizontal wind loads on open-frame, low-rise buildings, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 136, pp. 98-105.

48. Morrison, M.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2010, Analysis of Wind-Induced Clip Loads on Standing Seam Metal Roofs, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 136, pp. 334-337.

49. Masters, F., Gurley, K. and Kopp, G.A., 2010, Multivariate stochastic simulation of wind pressure over low-rise structures through linear model interpolation, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 98, pp. 226-235.

50. Kordi, B., Traczuk, G. & Kopp, G.A., 2010, Effects of wind direction on the flight trajectories of roof sheathing panels under high winds,* Wind and Structures*, vol. 13, pp. 145-167.

51. Kopp, G.A., Morrison, M.J., Gavanski, E., Henderson, D. & Hong, H.P., 2010, The ‘Three Little Pigs’ Project: Hurricane Risk Mitigation by Integrated Wind Tunnel and Full-Scale Laboratory Tests, *ASCE Natural Hazards Review*, vol. 11, pp. 151-161.

52. Taylor, Z., Gurka, R., Kopp, G.A. & Liberzon, A., 2010, Long-duration time-resolved PIV to study unsteady aerodynamics, *IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement*, vol. 59, pp. 3262-3269.

53. Sarathi, P., Gurka, R., Sullivan, P.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2010, Experimental measurements of expected mass fraction in a contaminant plume, *Boundary Layer Meteorology*, vol. 137, pp. 167-186.

54. Taylor, Z., Kopp, G.A. & Gurka, R., 2010, Flow measurements regarding the timing of vortices during flutter, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 98, pp. 864-871.

55. Liu, Z. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, High-Resolution Vortex Particle Simulations of Flows around Rectangular Cylinders, *Computer and Fluids*, vol. 40, pp. 2-11.

56. Kopp, G.A., Morrison, M.J., Kordi, B. & Miller, C., 2011, A Method to Assess Peak Storm Wind Speeds Using Detailed Damage Surveys, *Engineering Structures*, vol. 33, pp. 90-98.

57. Morrison, M.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Performance of toe-nail connections under realistic wind loading,* Engineering Structures*, vol. 33, pp. 69-76.

58. Taylor, Z., Palombi, E., Gurka, R. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Features of the turbulent flow around symmetric elongated bluff bodies, *Journal of Fluids and Structures*, vol. 27, pp. 250-265.

59. Gavanski, E. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Glass breakage tests under fluctuating wind loads, *ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering*, vol. 17, pp. 34-41.

60. Gavanski, E. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Examination of load resistance in window glass design, *ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering*, vol. 17, pp. 42-50.

61. Kordi, B. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Effects of Initial Conditions on the Flight of Windborne Plate Debris, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 99, pp. 601-614.

62. Gavalda, X., Ferrer-Gener, J., Kopp, G.A. & Giralt, F., 2011, Interpolation of Pressure Coefficients for Low-Rise Buildings of Different Plan Dimensions and Roof Slopes using Artificial Neural Networks, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 99, pp. 658-664.

63. Kopp, G.A. & Morrison, M.J., 2011, Discussion of “Tornado-induced wind loads on a low-rise building” by F.L. Haan, V.K. Balaramudu and P.P. Sarkar, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 137, pp. 1620-1622.

64. Gavanski, E. & Kopp, G.A., 2011, Storm and gust duration effects on design wind loads for glass, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 137, pp.1603-1610.

65. Shoemaker, W.L., Kopp, G.A. & Galsworthy, J., 2011, Design of Braced Frames in Open Buildings for Wind Loading, *AISC Engineering Journal*, pp. 225-233.

66. Liu, Z. & Kopp, G.A., 2012, A numerical study of geometric effects on vortex shedding from elongated bluff bodies* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 101, pp. 1-11.

67. Kopp, G.A. & Gavanski, E., 2012, Effects of pressure equalization on the performance of residential wall systems under extreme wind loads, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 138, pp. 526-538.

68. Sarathi, P., Gurka, R., Kopp, G.A. & Sullivan, P.J., 2012, A calibration scheme for quantitative concentration measurements using simultaneous PIV and PLIF, *Experiments in Fluids*, vol. 52, pp.247-259.

69. Banik, S.S., Hong, H.P. & Kopp, G.A., 2012, Assessment of the wind hazard due to tornado outbreaks, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 107-108, pp. 28-35.

70. Liberzon, A., Gurka, R., Sarathi, P. & Kopp, G.A., 2012, Estimate of turbulent dissipation in a decaying grid turbulent flow, *Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science*, vol. 39, pp. 71-78.

71. Morrison, M.J., Henderson, D.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2012, The response of a wood-frame, gable roof to fluctuating wind loads, *Engineering Structures*, vol. 41, pp. 498-509.

72. Kopp, G.A., Morrison, M.J. & Henderson, D.J., 2012, Full-scale testing of low-rise, residential buildings with realistic wind loads, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 104-106, pp. 25-39.

73. Kopp, G.A., Farquhar, S. & Morrison, M.J., 2012, Aerodynamic mechanisms for wind loads on tilted, roof-mounted, solar arrays,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 111, pp. 40-52.

74. Kopp, G.A. & Banks, D., 2013, Use of the wind tunnel test method for obtaining design wind loads on roof-mounted solar arrays, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 139(2), pp. 284-287.

75. Gavanski, E., Kordi, B., Kopp, G.A. & Vickery, P.J., 2013, Wind loads on roof sheathing of houses,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 114, pp. 106-121.

76. Henderson, D.J., Williams, C., Gavanski, E. & Kopp, G.A., 2013, Failure mechanisms of roof sheathing under fluctuating wind loads,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 114, pp. 27-37.

77. Cruzado, H.J., Letchford, C. & Kopp, G.A., 2013, Wind tunnel studies of cantilever traffic signal structures, *Wind and Structures*, vol. 16(3), pp. 225-240.

78. Kirchhefer, A.J., Kopp, G.A. & Gurka, R., 2013, The near wake of a freely flying European starling, *Physics of Fluids*, vol. 25(5), 051902 (23 pages), doi: 10.1063/1.4807064.

79. Taylor, Z.J., Kopp, G.A. & Gurka, R., 2013, Distribution of spanwise enstrophy in the near wake of three symmetric elongated bluff bodies at high Reynolds number, *Physics of Fluids*, vol. 25(5), 055103 (18 pages), doi: 10.1063/1.4807074.

80. Henderson, D.J., Morrison, M.J. & Kopp, G.A., 2013, Response of toe-nailed, roof-to-wall connections to extreme wind loads in a full-scale, timber-framed, hip roof, *Engineering Structures*,** **vol. 56, pp. 1474-1483.

81. Pratt, R.N. & Kopp, G.A., 2013, Velocity measurements around low-profile, tilted, solar arrays mounted on large flat-roofs,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 123, part A, pp. 226-238, doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2013.09.001.

82. Ben-Gida, H., Kirchhefer, A.J., Taylor, Z.J., Bezner-Kerr, W., Guglielmo, C.G., Kopp, G.A. & Gurka, R., 2013, Estimation of unsteady aerodynamics in the wake of a freely flying European starling, *PLOS ONE*, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080086.

83. Maffei, J., Telleen, K., Ward, R., Kopp, G.A. & Schellenberg, A., 2014, Wind design practice and recommendations for solar arrays on low-slope roofs, *ASCE **Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 140(2), doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000806.

84. Kopp, G.A., 2014, Wind loads on low profile, tilted, solar arrays placed on large, flat, low-rise building roofs, *ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering*, vol. 140(2), doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000821.

85. Taylor, Z.J., Gurka, R. & Kopp, G.A., 2014, Effects of leading edge geometry on the vortex shedding frequency of an elongated bluff body at high Reynolds number, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 128, pp. 66-75, doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2014.03.007.

86. Morrison, M.J., Kopp, G.A., Gavanski, E., Miller, C. & Ashton, A., 2014, Assessment of damage to residential construction from the tornadoes in Vaughan, Ontario, on 20 August 2009,* Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering*, vol. 41(6), pp. 550-558, doi: 10.1139/cjce-2013-0570.

87. Pratt, R.N. & Kopp, G.A., 2014, Velocity field measurements above the roof of a low-rise building during peak suctions,* Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 133, pp. 234-241, doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2014.06.009.

88. Gavanski, E., Kopp, G.A. & Hong, H.P., 2014, Reliability analysis of roof sheathing panels on wood-frame houses under wind loads in Canadian cities, *Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering*, vol. 41, pp. 717-727, doi: 10.1139/cjce-2013-0549.

89. Oh, J.H. & Kopp, G.A., 2014, Modelling of spatially and temporally-varying cavity pressures in air permeable, double-layer roof systems, *Building and Environment*, vol. 82, pp. 135-150, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.08.008.

90. Guha, T. & Kopp, G.A., 2014, Storm duration effects on roof-to-wall-connection failures of a residential, wood-frame, gable roof, *Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, vol. 133, pp. 101-109, doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2014.08.005.